February 2, 2023

The Political Chronicle

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COP26 ends with a criticized deal to accelerate the fight against global warming

COP26’s 200 or more countries unanimously adopted an agreement on Saturday. It is determined that the “Glasgow Accord” will be lower than the initial expectations. The agreement to accelerate the fight against global warming does not guarantee that it will reach its target of 1.5 ° C, or that it will not respond to calls for help from poor countries.

United Nations Climate Change Conference in Glasgow, The COP26, Accepted the agreement to accelerate the fight against global warming, but ended on Saturday 13 November without guaranteeing the fulfillment of the objective of controlling it at 1.5 ° C or in response to calls for help from poor countries.

President of the United Nations, Antonio Guterres, He noted the weaknesses of the “Glasgow Accord”, warning that “climate catastrophe is always knocking” and that “political will” has failed to overcome “conflicts” between countries.

The text was adopted after two weeks of negotiations, such as the last-minute introduction to the issue of fossil fuels at the request of China and India.

Before approving the adoption with a hammer, the 26th British Presidente At the World Climate Conference, Alok Sharma said in a flexible voice and tears in his eyes that he was “deeply sorry” for this decision. He had previously estimated that the deal “launches a growing ambition in a decade” in the climate sector.

Host Prime Minister Boris Johnson twice visited Glasgow to try to ease the debate, but said the decision was “a big step forward” but “still a lot to do”.

“We have always known that Glasgow is not the end line,” said US Ambassador John Kerry.

At a critical point in controlling temperature, the text calls on member states to continue to increase their reduction obligations, while the planet is on the “catastrophic” path of global warming of 2.7 ° C compared to pre-industrial times. In the Paris Agreement starting in 2022.

But the possibility of adjustment in “specific national circumstances” raised criticism from NGOs over the real intentions of the text.

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Furthermore, the compromise found did not guarantee compliance with the objectives of the 2015 Paris Agreement: warming should be “well” controlled to 2 ° C and possible to 1.5 ° C.

But it also gives the British president a chance to show Glasgow success in its goal of “keeping it alive at 1.5 ° C”. The catastrophes associated with climate change are already on the rise: experts continue to warn that floods, droughts or heat waves can cause “one-tenth of a degree” with their helper damage and casualties.

“It’s soft”

“It’s soft, it’s weak, and the 1.5 ° C target is not alive, but there’s a signal that the coal age is over. It’s important,” Greenpeace International boss Jennifer Morgan challenged.

The text also mentions the main cause of global warming and the fossil fuels not even mentioned in the Paris Agreement.

At the urging of China and India in particular, the focus was on the versions of these words, until the last minute before they were fully accepted. The final version is to accelerate efforts to reduce coal without “CO capture systems” (CO2) And the results of inefficient fossil fuel subsidies. ”Again with reference to“ Special National Situations ”.

A “bitter pill to swallow”, but accepted “for the public good”, Lichtenstein’s representative regretted, summarizing several of the delegates’ interventions.

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After the failure of the last two COPs, it has also succeeded in finalizing the terms of use of the Paris Agreement, especially on the activities of carbon markets to help reduce emissions.

The explosive problem of aid to poor countries, which at one time seemed to derail negotiations, has not found a solution.

Fearing that the promise of the super-rich to increase their climate aid to $ 100 billion a year in the south from 2020 has not yet been fulfilled, the poorest nations will have the least responsibility for global warming but are at the forefront of facing its effects. For funding, they are already suffering “loss and damage”.

“Blah blah blah”

But developed countries, primarily the United States, have strongly opposed the move, fearing legal repercussions.

And reluctantly, the poorer countries accepted the continuation of the dialogue so as not to miss the progress of the struggle against global warming, the consequences of which are already directly threatening them. When you say “very disappointed”.

“It’s a shame for millions of people affected by the climate crisis,” commented Theresa Anderson, a volunteer at ActionAid International.

The face of the global youth climate movement, Greta Dunberg, was very brief, calling COP26 “Blah Blah Blah” again. “The real work continues outside of these rooms. We will never give up,” he promised on Twitter.

With AFP

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