February 2, 2023

The Political Chronicle

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In Sudan, the military is cracking down on mobilizing pro-democracy activists tomorrow


Sudanese security forces fired tear gas at several protesters and arrested dozens of protesters on the first day of a non-cooperation campaign announced by pro-democracy activists against the military occupation of the country.

Sudanese security forces arrested dozens of protesters and threw tear gas canisters at several rallies from Sunday (November 7) to Sunday (November 7). New campaign of civil disobedience against the military, Head alone first October 25 coup.

Since the dissolution of the day General Abdel Fattah al-Burhane The arrest of all the companies of the country and almost all the public with whom he shared power came to street protest.

After a The mobilization began on the day of the coup It was exhausted last week, with unions and other organizations again urging Sudanese to disobey Sudan on Sunday, the first day of the week and Monday.

Hundreds of protesters chanted “No military power” in northern Adbara, while dozens of teachers gathered at the Ministry of Education in Khartoum for a silent protest against General Burhan’s decisions, Geography professor Mohammad al-Amin told AFP.

“While we were standing with signs saying” No military rule, “the police came and threw tear gas canisters,” he added.

According to the Teachers Union, 87 protesters were arrested “without a warrant” and one teacher’s leg was broken.

A few hours later, a procession of a few hundred protesters came under tear gas, according to witnesses, this time in the turbulent neighborhood of al-Bori, east of the capital.

Sudanese like to put on weight

Since October 25, most civilian leaders have been arrested by soldiers and the list of detainees continues to grow: politicians, activists active in social networks, youths have been detained but even senior officers and passers-by have been arrested without arrest. Order.

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From night, Protesters blocked the roads with bricks and stones, When the shops are closed.

This is because the “general strike” in the monster protests, which forced the military to force the resignation of dictator Omar al-Bashir in 2019, is gaining weight as negotiations continue behind closed doors between soldiers, civilian leaders and local or international mediators. Find a way.

So far, however, the talks have not led to the formation of a new government or the withdrawal of the government brutally ousted by General Burhan or a clear decision on whether to resume government. It started with the fall of Bashir.

For pro-democratic pro-Bashir pro-democracy organizations, the line “No talk, no talks, no partnership” is clear. [avec l’armée]”, They say in a text message sent via SMS, the internet has been blocked for fourteen days.

In 2019, senior officials and the pro-democracy public decided to manage change together, but today many consider such a partnership impossible.

Multiplication of crowds

Prime Minister Abdullah Hamdock, House arrests, and its rare ministers in independence continue to plead for a return to the pre-October 25 position, but the military wants a new government to protect its political and economic interests, experts estimate.

Negotiators from the Arab League, South Sudan or the UN are accelerating meetings with both camps.

But their task is complex: the UN in Sudan. Delegate Volker Berthes was outraged when he was arrested at his doorstep by civilian politicians who came to visit him at his headquarters on Thursday.

On Sunday, Arab League representatives met with General Burhan, who is continuing the cleanup. He sacked all directors of public sector companies and sacked all public sector directors on Sunday.

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Four ministers have been released by the military, but others are still in custody and General Burhan has indicated that they will be prosecuted.

The coup and the repression that killed 14 protesters – according to doctors – have already drawn a series of international condemnations for Sudan, as well as suspensions from the African Union and massive cuts in international aid.

The Arab countries seem to be divided. On Wednesday, more than a week after the coup, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, two countries close to the Sudanese military, called for an “immediate restoration” of the civilian government, but Egypt, a major and influential neighbor, had not yet been established. Itself.

With AFP