(Agence Ecofin) – In Sahel, budgets for education are lower than the African average. Realizing that this situation is compromising broad access to education, leaders in the region have checked a roadmap, one of which defends the increase in national funding for education.
The G5 Sahel countries adopted the “Nouveau Declaration on Education” at the Sahel Education Summit on December 5 in Mauritania.
The leaders promised at the end of this meeting “Increase the share of education in public spending and GDP to reach the average size of sub-Saharan Africa by 2030, while at the same time striving to improve the efficiency and quality of these expenditures.”, Stated in the final report of the meeting.
In sub-Saharan Africa, there is a growing trend in gross domestic product (GDP), but budgets allocated to education are not really keeping pace. They average 4.6% of GDP in sub-Saharan Africa and less than 20% of the national budget.
Although this average is in line with UNESCO’s recommended allocation (4 to 6% of GDP or 15 to 20% of public spending), some countries in the region, like the Sahel, lag behind. According to statistics, public spending on education in Mauritania will be 1.9% in 2020, 3.5% in Niger, 3.4% in 2019, 3.4% in Mali and 3.4% in 2019.
At the Nouakchott meeting, it was not only about raising funds, but also about taking a side in education policy that supports access to education for all. Sahel’s leaders have defined a map to better prioritize and integrate policies and investments in education over the next ten years. Ultimately, the strategy makes it possible to increase productivity and employment, which will lead to better results in terms of health, the functioning of public institutions and the maintenance of peace.
Furthermore, two key resolutions were passed. On the one hand, it includes prioritizing and financing measured objectives to reduce learning poverty, promote greater participation of women in secondary education, and strengthen basic skills and literacy for out-of-school youth. On the other hand, it participates in international programs for improving the system of teacher recruitment, training and recruitment, while at the same time evaluating academic achievements and other learning.
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01-12-2021 – G5 Sahel: Towards a new investment plan in education