February 2, 2023

The Political Chronicle

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The military liberates politicians while at the same time dedicating its grip on power

Sudanese authorities have released several politicians detained after the October 25 military coup, and the government said Monday that it had fulfilled a key clause in the agreement reached on Sunday between the generals and resettled Prime Minister Abdullah Hamdok. However, General Abdel Fattah al-Burhane reaffirms his commitment to change in the country.

On Resettlement of civilian Prime Minister Abdullah Hamdock One month after his appointment, General Sudanese Abdel Fattah al-Burhane seems to have succeeded in appeasing the international community, while at the same time dedicating his grip on change, experts say.

Authorities have taken another step in this direction by releasing several politicians detained after the October 25 military coup, in line with the key clause of the agreement reached between the generals on Sunday, November 21 and Abdullah Hamdo, one of those released on Monday. November 22 told AFP.

“Since October 25, I have been completely detached from the world.

While many Sudanese civilian officials shared power with the military after the fall of dictator Omar al-Bashir, he was surrounded at dawn on the day of the coup and driven out of the street under pressure. 2019.

A few hours later, the army commander, General Burhan, Declared a state of emergency declaring the dissolution of the companies.

Prime Minister Abdullah Hamdok, who was arrested and then placed under house arrest, appeared in public on Sunday, November 21, for the first time since taking office. He signed a 14-point agreement with General Burhan, which marked his return to the post of Prime Minister and the release of detained civilian officials.

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According to Omar al-Daguir, other key figures in Sudan’s political landscape have been released, including officials from the country’s largest al-Umma party.

Abdullah Hamdok “completely surrenders”

These past weeks, Tens of thousands of Sudanese marched against the military 41 were killed and hundreds wounded, as well as the bloody repression that severed long-distance telecommunications, demanding the release of civilian leaders.

Protesters on Sunday tore down a portrait of the prime minister, who they now portray as a traitor to the “revolution” of 2019, if they have long branded photos of Abdullah Hamdock, whom they consider the only “legitimate” leader in Sudan.

“The prime minister and his allies have completely surrendered,” army chief General Burhan told AFP on Tuesday that they had been arrested on the day of the October 25 coup.

The agreement between the two parties recognizes the new Sovereign Committee, which has been removed from the ranks of civilian power, and is still headed by its second paramilitary force, Mohammed Hamden Taclo.

This is what Magdi Kisoli explains, “the military wanted it from the beginning.” So it is “not surprising that the normalization of the coup is really becoming a new issue.”

However, in this country, which has known nothing but military dictatorship since independence 65 years ago, the commanders and Abdullah Hamdok have reaffirmed their rejoining forces to bring democratic change back on track.

But thanks to the agreement in question, experts believe, General Burhan succeeded in satisfying the international community above all else, while at the same time dedicating his grip on change.

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The African Union and the European Union have already welcomed the agreement, as well as the two Arab allies of the Sudanese military, Egypt and Saudi Arabia, to manipulate the Troika – United States, United Kingdom and Norway – Sudan document.

After the military ousted General Omar al-Bashir from the streets under pressure, the Sovereign Council, consisting of soldiers and civilians, became the highest body of interim officers set up in 2019. With him was a civil organization, the government of Abdullah Hamdok.

After the coup, General Burhan presided over the council, appointing soldiers to it, but replacing its pro-civilian members with non-political citizens.

“Government under the total mercy and threat of the military” is a new regime

“If Abdullah Hamdouk had given up before October 25, there would have been very little loss,” Magdi Gizouli continues, noting that 41 people were killed in the crackdown on anti-coup protests.

Playing the clock, General Burhan “reached an agreement to forget that a coup had taken place, and to allow the military to hold its breath (…)”, Judge Golot Khair, an expert from Sudan for Intelligent Strategic Partners.

The soldiers have already responded to the demands of the international community: they have re-registered Abdullah Hamdoq, promised to release the imprisoned leaders, and soon the civilian government.

Even better, the army brought Abdullah Hamdock into their camp – like them, he now became a street target, targeting General Burhan.

“He will soon lose all his credibility and be isolated,” said Goloud Khair, who was removed from the Sovereign Council, the civil bloc in Sudan by the Forces for Freedom and Change (FLC).

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“The future government is at the mercy of the military and is now under the daily threat of a new coup,” said Magdi Kisoli. Because “this agreement does not bring about any formal change,” concludes Golot Khair.

The public is not empowered

Abdullah Hamdouk will be “at the will of the military, because no matter what obstacles he faces, he will have no political influence or popular base as he did before,” Makdi Kisoli explains.

As for other civilian leaders, “those who do not want the military will certainly be subject to legal action,” the expert underscores, as General Burhan has already suggested.

In addition to the redesign of the cleansed new officers in almost all departments, General Burhan succeeded in erasing from the change the key point which had caused him problems.

Since the agreement was reached on Sunday, there has been no question of the military handing over the leadership of the Sovereign Council to the public, which was soon presented on the map of the 2019 transition process.

Magdi Kisoli notes that Burhan will be “the head of the Sovereign Council until the election” promised in 2023.

There is only one obstacle: the street.

“The main demand of the street is not to release Abdullah Hamdok, but to withdraw the army from politics,” Goloud Khair explained. “Initial doubts in the street over the credibility of international pressure will increase, and instability in Sudan will increase.”

With AFP