This is one of several cases brought before the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) after the failed coup in Turkey in the summer of 2016. The court condemned Turkey on Tuesday, November 23 for temporary detention. “Spontaneous” 427 judges, five years after a massive overhaul of the Turkish administration, military and intellectual circles following the failed coup.
Seven European judges unanimously ruled that Ankara had been violated “Right to Freedom” These judges are guaranteed by the European Convention on Human Rights, signed by 47 member states of the Council of Europe, including Turkey.
They noted that these restrictions have not been decided. “In accordance with the procedure provided by law” And no “Strictly required by the circumstances”. ECHR recalled it “Legal Assurance Requirements” There are “More important” In the case of the attack on the freedom of the judiciary, “Taking into account the importance of the judiciary in a democracy”. The court ordered Ankara to pay 5,000 euros to each party for non-cash damages.
These judges and lawyers, who have served in a number of jurisdictions, including the courts and the Supreme Court, have been arrested and detained. “Suspicion of belonging to FETO”, ECHR details in a press release. In the words of Turkish officials, the FETO is an acronym for Gülen, the “terrorist organization of Bethullah supporters” who have been accused of plotting the coup attempt.
In the aftermath of the failed coup of July 15, 2016, tens of thousands of people were arrested in the unprecedented crackdown on Fethullah Gulen supporters, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s Bad Noir, but Kurdish opponents, soldiers, intellectuals and journalists.
In this case, an order dismissing 2,847 judges suspected of belonging to the FETO, which has the authority to consider the pledge, resulted. “Not in line with impartial policy”, Recalls the ECHR. In the following months, 1,393 other magistrates were again fired, according to the court.
“Attempt to reverse”
In the cases before the ECHR, the fate of the Turkish judiciary was given to the famous journalist and writer Ahmed Alton, the founder of the opposition newspaper Page, Provoked a shout abroad. He was arrested in September 2016 and sentenced to life in prison “Attempt to overturn constitutional law”. Ahmed Alton was finally released on April 14, 2021 Following a decision by the Turkish Court of Cassation, the ECHR verdict was handed down the next day for detaining Ankara.
On the other hand, other figures in the Turkish community were detained and are suspected of supporting the coup. One such entrepreneur and philanthropist is Osman Kawala, In which the ECHR failed “Immediate release” In 2019, the European Council threatened Ankara with sanctions, which could be adopted at its next session from November 30 to December 2, if he is not released by then.